who’s entitled and the best way to apply

Dropping the companion of a lifetime is, in itself, a troublesome state of affairs. Along with the emotional loss, the demise of one of many spouses typically means the lack of the supply of earnings that supported the home. To attenuate this monetary influence there may be the widow’s pension assigned to the member of the surviving couple.

The widow’s pension is a month-to-month money profit awarded to the widower or individual residing in a de facto union with the social pension pensioner on account of incapacity or outdated age.

This assist from the State serves to assist assist the widower. Nonetheless, like all social assist, there are particular situations to take pleasure in this profit.

Who can declare the widow’s pension?

If you’re married or reside in de facto union with the deceased social pension pensionerthe widower could apply for the widow’s pension if:

  • Have Portuguese nationality or are in situations of equal remedy with Portuguese residents;
  • Reside in Portuguese territory;
  • Not benefiting from any pension in their very own proper;
  • Should not have a gross month-to-month earnings of greater than €192.17 (corresponds to 40% of the worth of the Social Assist Index – IASwhich in 2023 is €480.43).

However how a lot does a beneficiary of the widow’s pension obtain? The assigned worth is €134.54 (60% of the social pension which this yr is €224.24).

Learn how to declare widow’s pension?


The widow’s pension may be requested from the Social Safety (SS) providers inside a interval of six months from the month following the demise of the pensioner. In case you accomplish that inside that interval, you’re entitled to obtain it from the month following the demise.

Nonetheless, if this deadline is exceeded, the installment will solely be paid from the month following the submission of the appliance. The Social Safety response is distributed inside a most interval of 90 days (three months).

One other essential notice concerning deadlines is that, in the event you wait too lengthy, chances are you’ll lose your proper to the subsidy, since from 5 years after the demise you’ll be able to now not declare the widow’s pension.


The applying for the widow’s pension may be made at a Social Safety service or on-line on the website of this service. The widower should current the appliance Mannequin RP5018-DGSS.

This doc may be obtained from website of Social Securityin the right-hand column underneath “Kinds” or immediately at an SS counter.

The applicant should submit the next paperwork:

  • Legitimate identification doc (citizen card or identification card, civil registration certificates, start certificates, passport);
  • Tax identification card (with out which the pension can’t be paid);
  • Registration card of the widow/widow in another social safety system by which he/she is registered, nationwide or international;
  • Narrative start certificates of the deceased individual with the demise recorded duly licensed (for Social Safety functions);
  • Doc proving authorized residence in Portugal, if you’re a foreigner;
  • Proof of the widow/widow’s belongings indicated on the shape (for instance, property booklet if there are properties);
  • Proof of the NIB/IBAN (the place the title of the account holder seems), for cost by financial institution switch.

There are people who find themselves widowed, however who already obtain social assist. Nonetheless, this isn’t essentially an exclusion issue. The widow’s pension can accumulate with:

  • Complement for Dependency: if you’re in a state of affairs of dependency and wish the assistance of one other individual to fulfill the essential wants of on a regular basis life (private hygiene, meals or transferring round alone).

How lengthy does the widow’s pension final?

If the widower doesn’t have an earnings of greater than €192.17, he/she will be able to profit from the widow’s pension till the top of his/her life.

Nonetheless, this solely occurs so long as you aren’t entitled, per se, to any pension and you aren’t entitled to a different non-contributory pension that, added to this, exceeds the restrict of the minimal pension of the overall regime.

If this occurs, the beneficiary has the obligation to speak, inside one month, the change of their situations to Social Safety. The identical ought to be completed if there’s a change of tackle or in the event you transfer in with somebody or get married once more.

There are particular conditions that result in the reduce of the widow’s pension. Synthesizing, the interruption and cessation of this profit occurs when:

  • The earnings of the widow or widower exceeds €191.17 (besides in circumstances of accumulation with the social old-age pension or social incapacity pension, since in these circumstances it may possibly accumulate as much as the restrict of the minimal pension of the overall regime);
  • The widow or widower is entitled to a different pension underneath the overall scheme;
  • The widow or widower turns into entitled to a different pension from the non-contributory regime whose worth exceeds the restrict of the minimal pension of the overall regime;
  • The widower or widower marries or begins residing in a de facto union;
  • The widower or widower dies.

Word that, in the event you make false statements to acquire, improperly, the widow’s pension, chances are you’ll be topic to fines.

Article initially printed in July 2019. Final up to date in January 2023.