Flu drugs: which of them are greatest?

It’s within the chilly months that the flu assaults and, along with taking flu drugsyou will need to undertake different particular precautions – particularly avoiding colder locations and enormous temperature variations.

Flu drugs: which of them are greatest?

The “Girl” Flu

Influenza is a seasonal, acute and intensely contagious viral sickness. Regardless of being benign, seasonal flu is a public well being drawback, given its excessive influence, notably with regard to the overcrowding of well being providers (with higher use of emergency providers and a higher variety of hospital admissions) and college absenteeism. and labor.

Research imagine that this illness yearly impacts 10% to fifteen% of the world’s inhabitants.

Primarily for the so-called “threat teams”, the flu is liable for an extra of morbidity and mortality amongst individuals aged 65 or over, chronically unwell and immunosuppressed individuals, amongst others.

Within the northern hemisphere, the place Portugal is situated, seasonal flu often happens between the months of December and March, lasting about 10 to 22 weeks.

Flu signs often final for a few week and begin abruptly. The most typical results are headache, fever, signs related to the respiratory tract (cough), sore throat and nasal congestion. Particularly in kids, vomiting and diarrhea are doable.

To fight this illness, it’s common to resort to the consumption of medicines for the flu, resembling non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicine, antibiotics, analgesics and antipyretics, fluidizers and antitussives.

Nevertheless, you will need to know distinguish between all these choices and select probably the most appropriate different to your medical situation.

flu drugs

Once we speak about treating the flu, we’re mainly referring to the aid of the signs listed above. The choice of medicine to be administered relies upon, after all, on the sort and severity of the signs offered by the affected person.

Analgesics, antipyretics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicine

Analgesics and antipyretics are indicated for the aid of delicate ache and fever. The most typical instance is paracetamol.

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicine are additionally really useful for the aid of delicate ache and fever, and still have an anti-inflammatory perform. The most typical instance is ibuprofen.

nasal decongestants

Nasal decongestants assist to cut back edema within the nasal mucosa. They’re utilized on to the nasal passages, lowering, for instance, the feeling of a stuffy nostril.


Being generally prescribed, these medicines are supposed to cut back the signs of allergy, related to flu circumstances.

Antitussives and expectorants

For the aid of non-productive cough (dry cough) central motion antitussives are really useful. For the aid of productive cough (cough with mucus or phlegm), medicine with expectorant or mucolytic brokers are used.


Though they’ll even have a preventive motion, antivirals deal with the flu and are suggested in additional particular instances.

Non-prescription medicines

Along with these already indicated, there are nonetheless different medicines that, not requiring a medical prescription, may also help to keep at bay some flu signs, resembling lozenges for sore throat or saline resolution for laundry the nasal passages. Ask your loved ones physician or pharmacist in regards to the choices accessible.

Flu drugs to keep away from

There are additionally flu drugs that you need to keep away from. On this case, we check with anti-flu. They’ve a number of lively substances resembling antihistamines, decongestants, paracetamol or acetylsalicylic acid, vitamin C and caffeine.

This, amongst different traits, makes them medicine that aren’t really useful, though they’re extensively consumed, as they don’t require a prescription. Concentrate now to a few of its drawbacks:

  • as they’ve a number of lively rules, the chance of inflicting antagonistic results is bigger;
  • they aren’t more practical than different medicines;
  • could embrace a substance contraindicated for the affected person;
  • there’s a threat of overdose should you mix the anti-flu with one other drug with the identical lively ingredient;
  • the affected person could also be ingesting substances which are pointless for the signs of his medical situation;
  • the dose of sure substances is decrease than really useful, so taking them has no impact;
  • there are substances used, the effectiveness of which has not been confirmed;

Conclusion: the suggestion is that you simply all the time search recommendation out of your physician and take drugs particularly indicated for every symptom you’ve.

Influenza prevention should give attention to probably the most susceptible teams

Different necessary suggestions

Along with taking the flu treatment prescribed by your physician, you need to take some necessary measures:

  • use saline resolution, “sea water” or inhale vapors with the intention to unclog the airways;
  • resort to lozenges, sweets and elixirs to gargle with the intention to relieve sore throats;
  • drink loads of water or tea, at heat temperatures, to alleviate sore throats and coughs, along with making certain correct hydration of the physique;
  • forestall transmission of the virus by limiting contact with different individuals; incessantly washing arms with cleaning soap and water; utilizing tissues and disposing of them instantly; cowl your mouth with a tissue when coughing or sneezing;
  • contact SNS24 (808 24 24 24), earlier than going to some other well being service.

flu vaccine

After all, we couldn’t speak about medicines for the flu, to not point out its fundamental type of prevention: the flu shot.

Take a look at the teams of the inhabitants which are within the first line of vaccination:

  • residents aged 65 or over;
  • individuals residing or hospitalized in establishments;
  • kids and adolescents with continual sicknesses who stay in establishments;
  • sufferers built-in within the steady care community, sufferers awaiting transplants or present process chemotherapy;
  • individuals supported at dwelling by the Dwelling Assist Providers with a cooperation settlement with the Social Safety or Portuguese Misericórdias and by the nursing groups of the useful items offering well being care or with dwelling help from the hospitals;
  • sufferers hospitalized in well being items belonging to the Group of Well being Facilities or in hospitals belonging to the Nationwide Well being Service who’ve continual pathologies and circumstances for which the vaccine is really useful;
  • well being professionals from the Nationwide Well being Service;
  • jail guards and inmates;
  • sufferers with trisomy 21, diabetes mellitus, cystic fibrosis, alpha-1 antitrypsin deficit below substitute remedy, continual obstructive pulmonary illness, pathology of the pulmonary interstitium below immunosuppressive remedy, continual illness with compromised respiratory perform, secretion elimination or in danger elevated aspiration of secretions;
  • individuals on dialysis;
  • firefighters.